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Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria has warned against indiscriminate or misuse of Paracetamol, saying such practice damages the liver and kidney.

Mr Jelili Kilani, PSN Chairman, FCT Chapter, who disclosed this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria in Abuja emphasised that Paracetamol, an analgesic, should not be misused.

Kilani defined drug misuse as the use of drug for purposes for which it was not intended or using a drug in excessive quantities.

He further described drug abuse as an ill-wind which its effect might not manifest immediately but later in life.

The chairman, however, decried the usual practice of taking about three or more tablet of Paracetamol at once to fast track healing processes.

“By engaging in such practice, you are damaging your internal organs like the liver and kidney, which if care is not taken, such damages cannot be remedy.’’

Kilani, therefore, urged the general public to desist from misuse of Paracetamol in order to avert inflicting injury to their system.

“Misuse of drug is when somebody is tired and decides to take three or more tablet of Paracetamol simply because he wanted a quicker or higher effect.

“As good as Paracetamol is, if not properly taken, it damages the liver and kidney; the only drug that is harmless to the body is water.

“I advise the public to desist from self medication.

“If anyone is experiencing feverish condition or body pains after taking Paracetamol once and the symptoms persist, they should consult medical doctors rather than taking the drug continuously,” he said.

By NAN.

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Are you tired of putting on deodorant and antiperspirant to cover up your smell? Do you always keep a little cologne or perfume with you? Ever wondered why some people smell more than others? Do you have any neurological symptoms that are random or you can’t seem to figure out?

Two of the major reasons why you or someone you know might smell like a used sock in a high school football locker is due to two chemical compounds called ammonia and aldehydes.

Ammonia toxicity and aldehyde toxicity are two common findings in clinical practice and both can wreak havoc on your health and not only leave you searching for a stronger deodorant, but also with physical, mental and neurological symptoms. We will cover ammonia toxicity in this article. If you are someone that can’t stand the smell of strong perfume or gets headaches when walking through the mall, you may have an aldehyde problem.

Ammonia is a normal byproduct of the digestion of fats and proteins in the body. When athletes do a hard workout they are known to have “ammonia sweat” that is often due to the breaking down of their own muscle to provide sugar to their body. Gluconeogenesis – Overproduction of cortisol due to high stress, can also lead to an overproduction of ammonia as the body breaks down tissue. These can lead to excess odor, but also to more important neurological symptoms.

Not all ammonia is bad. A healthy intestinal tract produces ammonia daily and as it reaches the blood stream it is shunted to the liver to be turned into a product called urea. The urea is put back into the blood stream and then the kidneys are supposed to dispose of the urea (which contains ammonia) in the form of urine. A problem in either the liver or the kidneys can lead to inadequate detoxification and thus a backup or excessive buildup of ammonia in the bloodstream.

Symptoms

Currently, most medical institutions only recognize ammonia toxicity when it shows up in blood work, but ammonia toxicity that doesn’t show up in labs is also possible. Finding someone that is familiar with functional ammonia toxicity is important. Some symptoms of functional or overt ammonia toxicity include:

  • Hyper-excitability
  • Seizures
  • Brain swelling
  • Increased brain glutamate
  • Low serotonin levels
  • HeadachesInsomnia
  • Brain fog/delirium
  • Excessive body odor

 

If you look at hyper-excitability, brain swelling, high glutamate, low serotonin, etc. You have a perfect picture for ADD/ADHD and Autism. Thus, in patients with these concerns, ammonia is more important than just having an excessive odor problem.

Sources of Ammonia

Water – Some public water sources use a chemical called Chloramine, which is a combination of chlorine and ammonia used to clean the water. The problem is that getting the ammonia out of the water after it has been put in is difficult.

Fast Foods Meat – About 70% of meat in America have ammonia added to it in order to kill off E. Coli, salmonella and other possibly harmful bacteria. This ammonia is then consumed and can get into your blood stream.

Dysbiosis/SIBO/Fungus – Probably the most well documented fungal infection to produce and thrive on ammonia is candida albicans. There is a normal amount of ammonia that is produced and later detoxified in the human body, but overgrowth of candida, parasites and other bad bacteria can lead to a huge increase in the production of ammonia, thus overwhelming the liver and making it impossible to detoxify all of the ammonia.

 

Ammonia Detox Simplified

  1. You need a healthy liver in order to detoxify ammonia from the body.

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  • If the liver is not functioning optimally and you lack certain nutrients, then the ammonia is released back into circulation to wreak havoc. (aka cause symptoms)
  1. The kidneys filter the urea from the liver before it is removed in urine.
  • Proper blood sugar levels are important to allow the kidneys to filter properly.
  1. Dysbiosis, parasites, bacteria and fungus can cause excessive production of ammonia that that body will not be able to handle until the infection is taken care of.
  • Natural yet powerful antimicrobials are important for this. The most common include Melia, Morinda, Golden Thread, BFB-1 and BFB-2. Each condition requires a specific antimicrobial.
  1. Lab testing for ammonia is limited and only seems to appear elevated if your ammonia levels are severely elevated. Also, brain levels of ammonia can be significantly higher than blood levels of ammonia.

Conclusion

You can now use body odor as a guide to the status of your health. While body odor isn’t an absolute sign of ammonia toxicity, if you have any foul odors, leaving your body, you know you have an underlying health imbalance that you could benefit by looking into.

Source: www.curejoy.com


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The garden egg, also known as the Tegg plant is a popular and affordable fruit in Nigeria that is easily accessible to all. Solanum melongena or garden egg as we know it is a member of the aubergine family and comes in different colours but basically have the same texture.

They may be eaten raw or in sauces and stews. I have often wondered if the egg plant was a fruit or a vegetable but I came to a conclusion that it’s a fruit since its seed are found inside its fleshy body. Being curious about its benefits, I made a research on the fruit and was amazed at its Health Nuggets numerous benefits to the body. One of its benefits is its ability to relieve digestive problems and aid speedy digestion due to its high fibre content.

Studies have shown that garden eggs are very effective in blood cholesterol reduction and combat heart problems. The fruit aids weight reduction and prevents poor vision which is one of the symptoms of glaucoma. It is low in sodium, high in potassium, low in calories and very rich in dietary fibre. Its high potassium content helps in maintaining the function of the heart and regulating blood pressure while its high fibre content aids digestion and relieves constipation.

It also possesses ulcer preventive properties, making it a cheap source of natural anti-ulcer remedy. The Plant is very rich in nutrients, helps in boosting the immune system, strengthens body tissues, helps to enhance free circulation of blood and is a fruit that diabetics should cherish. The leaf of the egg plant is a very nutritious vegetable and can be used for relief of toothache and also as a snake bite remedy.

Are you having problems with digestion? Reach out for some egg plants to relieve the digestive problems. Are you trying to reduce your weight? Substitute that chocolate bar with an egg plant and eat your way to good health. Natural remedies from plants are a gift from God and leave no side effects unlike their chemical counterparts, that’s why there is a reassuring feeling when its applied. As the saying goes ‘you are what you eat’. When next you see a garden egg seller, do not hesitate to purchase the fruit and load yourself with its abundant nutrients.

I will like to hear from you. If you have had a positive result from using garden egg. Please email [email protected] or if you have a recipe for cooking garden egg into healthy meal.. we will also love to hear from you.


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A couple whose journey through in-vitro fertilization captivated everyone welcomed quadruplets.

Parents said they are “overwhelmed with joy” after the birth of their babies at Meridian Hospitals, 21 Igbokwe Street, D-line, Port Harcourt in Rivers State.

“Mom and babies are doing incredible!!! We are so happy with how everything turned out! The doctors, nurses, and staff were incredible!!! More updates to follow soon!!”


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Dear Patient,

Under the health insurance scheme, you pay or your company pays the Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) on your behalf to manage your health. By paying monthly or quarterly or yearly premiums to the HMO, when you are sick, you do not have to pay the doctor out of your pocket. The HMO pays the doctor to treat you and members of your family depending on the plan that covers you. This scheme has rules and regulations, rights and privileges. It is important that you understand the rules and regulations of and your rights and privileges in the scheme to enable you know what you are entitled to at all times.

A lot of the patients (enrolees) are not getting their due and they do not know that they are not getting their entitlements because they do not know what is due to them under the scheme. Please know your rights and demand them from both your hospitals (providers) and your HMOs.

1. It is your right to understand fully your benefits as contained in the plan under which you are covered by the HMO.

2. It is your right to choose your Health Maintenance Organisation (HMO).

3. It is your right to be received promptly and treated in a friendly and efficient manner by your hospital.

4. It is your right to ask and be sure that your HMO is paying your hospital as and when due.

5. It is your right to know who your HMO officers are and to talk with them frequently and to demand explanation to the things you do not understand about the scheme.

6. It is your right to choose your provider (Hospital). If your hospital of choice is not on the list of providers and up to 25% of the employees are interested in your particular hospital, that hospital should be listed for your company.

7. It is also your right to decide if you want to change your hospital. In this instance, it is still your right to choose your new hospital. Nobody has the right to transfer you from one hospital to the other without your permission. Therefore, no HMO has the right to post you from your hospital of choice to any other one you have not chosen by yourself. It is your right to change your old hospital to another one if you are dissatisfied with the old hospital. No HMO has the right to stop you from using a hospital you are still satisfied with. The only condition you will be compelled to leave your hospital maintained through an HMO is if there has been a valid and proper execution of contract termination between the HMO and the hospital. In this case still, you exercise your right of choice for another hospital.

8. It is your right to have your medical bills in your hospital paid by your HMO to ensure your hospital is able to continue to treat you.

9. If your medical bills are not being paid as at when due, it is your right to demand explanations from the HMO and to demand compliance.

10. It is your right to be treated well at all times by your hospital of choice.

11. It is your right to be happy with your HMO and with your hospital.

NOTE: The AGPMPN offers you free information, counselling and legal aid in all matters concerning your health insurance.

Contact us at the above address and on: 08032414323 or [email protected] or [email protected] or [email protected]

Health insurance is good when it is run well. A successful health insurance should leave the patients happy, leave the providers happy and leave the HMOs happy. To achieve this, the three partners must be committed to the scheme and there must be mutual respect, transparency and accountability.

Association of General and Private Medical Practitioners of Nigeria (AGPMPN)

No.9, Sam Shonibare Street, Lawanson, P.O. Box 776, Surulere, Lagos, Nigeria.
Tel: +2348032414323. Email: [email protected], [email protected] or [email protected],
Website: www.agpmpn.org


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Ahhhh. The sounds of summer: the crash of ocean waves, the crackle and bang of Fourth of July fireworks, the sizzle of burgers on the grill.

Unfortunately, the sounds of summer also include the whine of pesky mosquitoes. But there’s plenty you can do to turn down the volume of that buzz so you can enjoy the lazy, hazy days of summer.

Learning how to kill mosquitoes naturally is important beyond ensuring a comfortable backyard cookout. Mosquitoes present a health risk to everyone in the family — even Fido. Mosquito-borne diseases — which kill one million people worldwide every year — include malaria, yellow fever, encephalitis and, more commonly in the United States, West Nile Virus. Mosquitoes also carry heartworm, a life-threatening disease for dogs.

So, it’s worth the effort to control and kill mosquitoes around your house and to reduce your risk of getting bit. Here are some tips for mosquito control:

Don’t give mosquitoes a nearby place to breed

Most mosquitoes can fly no more than one to three miles, and some mosquitoes such as the Asian tiger mosquito have a flight range of just 100 yards or so. So they’re always looking for a place to land or a place to lay eggs, and water is an attractive option.

Eliminate standing water where mosquitoes breed by emptying the saucers for plants, hauling off old tires, cleaning rain gutters and frequently changing the water in birdbaths. Don’t leave pet bowls filled with water outside when your pets are indoors. Look out for water that gathers in pool covers, buckets and trash cans.

Walk around your property with an eye for puddles. Fix the problem, and mosquitoes won’t have a place to lay eggs.

Stock ornamental ponds with mosquito fish that eat the larva or treat them with larvicide mosquito rings sold at home and garden stores.

Don’t give mosquitoes a place to hang out during the day

Like their fellow bloodsuckers, vampires, adult mosquitoes rest during daylight. Mosquitoes spend daylight hours hiding among vegetation. Reduce mosquito shelter in your yard by trimming weeds and keep the grass short.

Spraying the lower limbs of shade trees, shrubs and other plants with home-use products containing deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin can reduce the adult mosquito population, according to the American Mosquito Control Association.

Plant some natural repellents

You can grow a garden full of your own pest control by choosing plants that naturally keep mosquitoes at bay. There are all sorts of lovely herbs and flowers that look great but also have powerful repellent properties. An added plus: most of these plants also fight back against flies, gnats, no-see-ums and other pesky insects that make being outdoors not so fun in summer.

Some herbs to consider: basil, lavender, lemongrass, lemon thyme, mint, rosemary and lemon balm. If flowers sound more appealing, try marigolds or common lantanas.

Read More…


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One discovery being backed by science is that bitter leaf and scent leaf combined with normal routine diabetes medications drastically reduce sugar levels in people with diabetes.

In a new study, researchers found that the combination of these extracts with normal routine medications had better sugar level control when compared with only routine medication usage. Aside this, the use of two herbs also seemed to mitigate some symptoms of diabetes.

The study indicated that patients on both bitter leaf and scent leaf extracts had better blood sugar control when compared with those that had only one extract administered or those that served as controls and didn’t receive the extracts.

For the study, a total of 38 diabetic patients were enrolled within the Rumuepirikom community in Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State for the study done over a four-week duration

Disease duration in each patient was roughly estimated from the time the disease was clinically diagnosed by medical personnel and all the patients had some basic investigations carried out before the commencement of the study.

Each patient was assigned to one of six groups based on age of onset of the disease, disease duration in the individual and the severity of the disease in the patient.

Their daily fasting blood sugar levels were monitored and extracts of both leaves daily obtained naturally by water extraction were administered to them accordingly.

Some groups had the extracts administered alone; some had the extracts given alongside their routine anti-diabetic medication while some served as control.

The 2018 study, published in the International Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Processes, involved Udeh Winifred and Mene Alexander at the University of Port Harcourt.

The study showed that patients on both Bitter leaf and scent leaf extracts combined had better  blood sugar control when compared with those that had only one extract administered solely or those that served as control and didn’t receive the extracts at all.

Read More…


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Teeth are an important part of physical appearance for many people, and they want to show a bright white smile. However, a new study reveals that many tooth whitening products can damage the teeth.

New research reveals why we should treat tooth whitening products with caution.

Studies have shown that most human teeth are not naturally pearl-white. In reality, most teeth are different shades and hues that tend towards yellow. Nor are teeth uniformly colored.

Despite this, there is an idea — which is especially prominent in North American societies — that perfectly white teeth are a symbol of beauty and self-care.

For this reason, many people opt to whiten their teeth, either on their own or with the help of a cosmetic dentist.

Statistic reports indicate that about 40.5 million people in the United States used tooth whitening products in 2018.

Various studies now show that whitening teeth with bleaching products that contain hydrogen peroxide can endanger tooth health.

Researchers from Stockton University in Galloway, NJ, aimed to find out exactly how hydrogen peroxide harms the teeth, and which part of a tooth it attacks.

The research — which was led by Kelly Keenan, an associate professor of chemistry at Stockton University — will feature at the Experimental Biology 2019 meeting, which is part of the annual meeting of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in Orlando, FL.

Bleach attacks sensitive tooth layer

Specifically, the researchers looked at how whitening strips, which people can buy over-the-counter, damage one of the teeth’s three layers.

Dental whitening strips typically contain hydrogen peroxide as the main active ingredient. This substance is an oxidizing agent that some people use a sterilizer, although more people may know it as a color-lightening agent. This is also the main substance that people use to bleach hair.

If a person overuses or uses too much of this substance to lighten hair color, it can cause “significant damage” to the hair and scalp.

Now, Keenan and team have discovered how hydrogen peroxide damages dentin, the “middle” layer of teeth. A tooth contains three different layers: a shiny enamel external one, a dentin layer in the middle, and an inner layer that is mainly connective tissue, which helps keep the tooth safely in place.

Read More…


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I am a 40-year-old school teacher with three children. My problem is that I find it difficult to sleep at night. This makes me too tired to carry out my duties in the school. Kindly let me know what is causing the problem and what to do to change it?

Getting enough sleep is not to be underestimated. Unfortunately, given our busy lives with work and family and other obligations, many of us do not get enough sleep. Fortunately, there are behaviour modifications that you can make that will improve your ability to get a good night’s sleep and feel less tired. We call this “sleep hygiene,” and it includes the following behaviours: Trying to go to bed and wake up at the same time every night, regardless of whether it is a weekday or a weekend day. Avoid caffeine at least after 6 pm, if not earlier. Limit your alcohol intake.

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Is it true that many nail polishes contain formaldehyde and can cause cancer. Is it safe for my daughters to use it?

Formaldehyde is associated with increased cancer risk. Many nail polishes, fragrance, lipsticks and conditioners do contain formaldehyde and other potential cancer-forming chemicals. Although individuals who work in the nail salon and cosmetics business may have an increased risk of cancer because of their exposure, it is not clear if an individual’s use of nail polish and other beauty products will increase cancer risk.

Read More…


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